Jamshedpur 22nd July 2021: Jharkhand Chief Minister Hemant Soren has focused on the recharge of groundwater and termed it as the need of the hour.
“Recharge of groundwater is the need of the hour. The fields marked as barren land need to be made cultivable. This will help in boosting the rural economy and purchasing power of the villagers,” said Hemant Soren while briefing about the Nilambar Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana in the state.
Incidentally, Jharkhand receives 1100 mm to 1442 mm of rainfall, of which 23800 million cubic meters (MCM) come as surface water and 500 MCM comes as groundwater.
But due to the geographical structure, about 80% of surface water and 74% groundwater goes out of the state, which is responsible for 38% of drought in Jharkhand.
After the creation of Jharkhand, the trend of declining groundwater levels has been shown in all the towns as well as in the capital Ranchi. As a result, in extreme heat, wells, and tube wells dry up.
This has necessitated the need for artificial recharge to meet the demand for groundwater, especially in urban areas.
According to government sources, the works started and completed under the Nilamber Pitambar Jal Samridhi Yojana in Jharkhand are now visible on the ground.
Under this scheme, loose boulder check dams have been built near hills and hundreds of villages across the state.
It has helped in controlling the free flow of rainwater and has increased the groundwater level.
In addition, the construction of trench cum dam (TCB) has helped in conserving rainwater. With the construction of irrigation wells under MGNREGA, farmers have now been extensively involved in plantations using drip irrigation facilities.
In the last financial year, more than 25,000 acres of land were covered under the Birsa Harit Gram Yojana, while in the current financial year, more than 21,000 acres of land are being covered under the same scheme.
Villagers are taking water conservation initiatives by joining the government’s scheme, which has helped in increasing agricultural production and prosperity of the villages.
Under the Nilambar-Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana, a target was set to implement 3,32,963 schemes in 24 districts of the state.
Against this, 1,97,228 schemes have already been completed. Work is in progress for the remaining 1,35,735 schemes.
With the implementation of this scheme, the condition of rural areas has improved a lot.
In many areas, barren land is also being used for agriculture with the help of water conservation.
A large part of Jharkhand is a plateau, where most of the rainwater flows away.
Apart from this, many districts like Latehar, Garhwa, and Palamu are facing a water crisis.
To solve the water crisis issues and provide employment to the rural population, the government led by Chief Minister Hemant Soren launched the Nilambar Pitamber Jal Samridhi Yojana.