Jamshedpur 14th Sept 2021: The Research and Development (R&D) department of Tata Steel was established on September 14, 1937. The R&D Bhawan was inaugurated by Sir Naoroji Saklatwala, the then Chairman of Tata Steel.
It was the first time in India that an organization had its R&D division.
The main objective of the research division was to reduce the cost of the company and increase production.
Further, the Research and Development (R&D) department of Tata Steel has completed 84 years on Tuesday, September 13, 2021.
One of its early products, which testify to its brilliance, is the low alloy structural steel ‘Tiscrom’, which was used to build the famous Howrah Bridge in Kolkata.
Tata Steel also developed ‘Tiscor’, high-strength structural steel used in cargo cars, ships, trams, and other vehicles.
Another achievement was the production of the ‘Tatanagar’ armored car with special quality sheets of alloy steel and silicon and bullet-proof armor plates.
The armored car is the first and only Indian-made armored car that fought the Axis powers in the Western Desert of Africa during World War II.
The new Control and Research Laboratory was designed for the following purposes: To study, inspect and supervise all metallurgical work being carried out within a steel plant, to control raw materials with analytical and chemical problems for selection or investigation, testing the properties of special iron and steel, analysis of refractory materials and corrosion problems, development of new steel and all kinds of new products, and fuel laboratory
The R&D building was designed to provide efficiency, flexibility, and comfort. The rooms were well designed and connected by wide aisles to provide a direct flow of work.
For easy maintenance, and to keep the walls free of piping and cabling, all facilities, including gas, water, electricity, and vacuum, were supplied through a duct running under the floor.
Special attention was paid to ensuring safe and healthy working conditions concerning ergonomics, lighting, and ventilation.
The tables and benches were designed according to the convenience of the technicians and to avoid unnecessary movements. Fume extraction systems were installed with specially designed hoods.
Besides this, switchboards were installed in the corridors to avoid corrosion due to fumes in chemical laboratories.
However, several emergency showers were also installed in case of acid spills or similar incidents.